The Immigrant/Refugee Crisis

The European Migrant Crisis (or, as many refer to it less accurately, the European Refugee Crisis), began in earnest in 2015 when rising numbers of illegal immigrants traveled to the European Union (EU) across the Mediterranean Sea and overland via various routes through southeastern Europe.  These unauthorized migrants consisted not only of those seeking to apply for asylum in western Europe as refugees (primarily, in countries such as Germany and Sweden), but were also comprised of economic migrants and those with other motives.  Thus, although the migration was due, in large part, to ongoing wars in Syria and Iraq, a major contribution to the vast numbers of people in crisis was due, as well, to rising levels of conflict and instability in other countries, such as Eritrea, Afghanistan, Somalia, Nigeria and others. 

n the prior year (2014), the majority of the influx of those seeking Asylum or economic opportunity were African people groups arriving in Italy via routes originating in Libya in northern Africa; however, in the first six months of 2015, Greece overtook Italy as the preferred destination for migrants seeking to relocate to the EU, becoming the main point of entry for those trying to reach northern and western Europe.  Those taking this more eastern route originated from predominantly Muslim countries such as Syria (47%), Afghanistan (24%), Iraq (15%), Pakistan (5%), Iran (3%) and others (6%).  Unlike the migrants arriving in Italy, the majority of which were male (71%), in Greece it has been the most vulnerable among their numbers; i.e., the women (21%) and children (37%) that combine to make a majority.  

The crisis in greece


the crisis in italy